Plate + Block
Aluminum considered to be the 3 rd most abundant element on the earth has been known since ancient times but because it was difficult to refine it was not until 1825, Danish chemist Hans Christian successfully extracted the pure form of aluminum. By the year 1889, aluminum was being produced commercially. Today aluminum is widely used because of its low density and ability to resist corrosion. Common industries that use aluminum are aerospace, transportation, and construction. It is silvery grey in color.
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6061, 6063, 3003, 6061 aluminum plate and cast tool and jig plate (K1)
Shapes – rounds, flat, hexagon, angle, channel, round tubing, square tubing, rectangular tubing, and sheet
In 1912, Harry Brearley in Sheffield, England was trying to find a corrosion-resistant alloy for his gun barrels when he discovered stainless steel. Stainless steel is silver in color and as the name implies, is a material that prevents corrosive degradation. Chromium and nickel alloys are added to the steel to prevent corrosion. Stainless steel will not rust unless exposed to acid so common applications for this steel are fasteners, food industry, medical, aerospace, and transportation. 304 stainless is the most versatile and most popular used stainless steel for many projects. We sell different grades of stainless for your different needs.
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303, 304, 316L, 416, 440-C, 17-4 PH.
Flat, Hexagon, Pipe, Round, Round tubing, sheet, and Square
In 1856, Henry Bessemer invented the process of using oxygen to reduce the carbon content in iron. This technology allowed the steel industry to move from cast iron to carbon steel which started the modern steel industry to be born. Today we sell two types of carbon steels Cold Rolled Steel and Hot Rolled steel. Many customers ask us what is the difference between these two steels?
Cold Rolled Steel
Cold rolled steel is a common term for steel that is rolled or pressed at low temperatures. Cold rolled steel is dark grey in color. Common uses are for general machining, manufacturers of durable goods, automobile industry and infrastructure.
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1018, 1045, 1045 TGP, 1117, 11L17, 12L14, stress proof and fatigue proof carbon bars
Round, hexagon, square, and rectangular
Hot Rolled Steel
Hot rolled steel is made using high temperatures over 1700 degree Fahrenheit which stress relieves the finish product. Hot rolled steel is grey in color. Common uses of hot rolled steel are truck frames, agriculture equipment, railroad industry, and art sculptures.
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1020, 1045 and A36
In 1865, the first alloy containing chromium was made and patented by an American metallurgist, Julius Baur. Chrome Steel Company of Brooklyn, New York manufactured this product. This steel had extreme hardness and toughness and was considered the 1 st commercially produced alloy steel. Most steels contain ingredients of other elements beside iron and carbon, these are called alloys. The different amounts of alloys are what make up the different types of steels used for different applications in machining. Alloys are light grey in color. Common uses are bicycle frames, firearm parts, aircraft parts, gears, and crankshafts.
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4140, 4142HT, 4150, 4150HT, 4340, 4340HT, 52100, 8620 and ETD 150
All of these grades are available in cold or hot finish
Tool, Die & Mold Steel
In 1868, Robert Forester Mushet, a British metallurgist invented tool steel. As the name applies was made for high strength, wear resistance, and dimensional stability. Tool steel is known for its distinctive hardness, resistance to deformation, and its ability to hold a cutting edge at elevated temperatures. Tool steel is grey in color and is formed by adding carbon and alloy steels. Tool Steel’s hardness and resistance to abrasion make it ideal for various types of tool bits and cutting tools.
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Tool Steels – A2, A6, D2, L6, O1, O6, and S7
Hot Work – H13
Mold Steels – P20, 420 SS
Hollow Bar – produced per order
Flat Ground – A2, A6, D2, LC4142 HT, M2, O1, S7 and 1018
Drill Rod – A2, D2, O1, S7 and W1
DCF Plate – A2, D2, O1, S7, 4140 and 4140HT
DCF Bar – 4140, 1018, 6061, A36 and 12L14
Shapes available – Block, Drill Rod, Flat ground stock, plate, and rounds
Sheet metal fabrication has been around since the ancient times dating back from the Egyptians who made jewelry In 1783, Swiss engineer Jean Pierre Droz perfected the process of sheet metal by developing the obverse, reverse, and singing production simultaneous. Today sheet metal is made from many different grades of steel. It is melted and poured into a container called a crucible and then poured into a rectangular mold. When taken out of mold it is called an ingot which is then pressed between rollers that thin out the metal. Sheet metal’s thickness is measured in gauges. However be careful because the larger the gauge the thinner the metal. Sheet metal ranges from 24 – 10 gauge.
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Hot rolled pickled and oiled 1020
Stainless steel sheet – 304 and 316
Aluminum sheet – 6061, 3003
Tread bright – 3003
Diamond tread plate – aluminum 6061
Expanded metals – aluminum grating also available
Bronze and Brass
No one actually knows who discovered Bronze but it dates back to 3500 BC to 3001 BC. Farm tools and weapons were discovered made from Bronze but by 1200 BC most stone tools were replaced by bronze tools. There are many different Bronze alloys but today a majority of bronze is made with 12% Tin and 88% copper. Bronze is reddish brown in color and is typically used in boating because of its resistance to salt water corrosion. Bronze is used in manufacturing today for bushings, bearings for small motors, art sculptures, and musical instruments. Brass was introduced 500 BC and is an alloy of copper and zinc. Brass is yellow in color similar to gold and has corrosion resistance. Brass is used in manufacturing today for locks, gears, boating hardware, and musical instruments.
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Bar – round, square and rectangle – Bronze 932 and 954
Tubing – Bronze 932 and 954
Oil impregnated SAE 841 and SAE 843 cored and solid
Bar – Round, Square and Rectangle – Brass 360 and Brass 464
Carbon Steel Structural
Steels used in the United States that are used for construction all begin with the letter A, followed by 2, 3 or 4 numbers. Commonly used for equipment, building projects, fabricating and furniture industries
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I Beam A36
Invented in 1935, 6061, was formed by adding silicon and magnesium into a water hardened aluminum. This metal is popular because of its weldability, high corrosive resistance, and light weight properties. Commonly used in general structural, truck trailers and machined part industries